28 September 2016   Leave a comment

The US Army operates the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School at Fort Bragg, NC which publishes a journal called Special Warfare.  The October 2015 issue ran an article by Capt. Philip Kapusta entitled “The Gray Zone”.  The article discusses the intrinsic difficulties of conflict situations which “fall between the traditional war and peace duality, are characterized by ambiguity about the nature of the conflict, opacity of the parties involved, or uncertainty about the relevant policy and legal frameworks.” (p. 20)  These conflicts, which fall short of the formal definition of war, seem to be the more likely context for interactions among both states and non-state actors.

The Senate has voted 97-1 to override Obama’s veto of the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act and the House followed with a 348-77 vote.  The bill paves the way for American citizens to sue the Government of Saudi Arabia for damages suffered during the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001.  The bill waives the sovereign immunity of Saudi Arabia in US courts for these damages.  Now we will wait to see if other governments pass similar legislation to waive the sovereign immunity of the US government for their citizens for damages they may have suffered in events such as drone attacks.

A Dutch-led criminal investigation into the 2014 downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 has found that the missile that brought down the civilian airplane in Ukraine was fired by either Russian or Russian-supported rebels in Ukraine.   According to Reuters:

“….the plane was hit by a Russian-made Buk-9M38 missile; the missile was fired from the rebel-held village of Pervomaysk in eastern Ukraine; and the launcher was transported into Ukraine from Russia.”

Russia has vehemently denied being involved.

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Posted September 28, 2016 by vferraro1971 in World Politics

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